Welcome to the tutorial for beginning Linux users. Users who are tired of Microsoft’s strong arm tactics of now forcing Bing searches instead of Google searches or the ever revolving lock down policies of Apple inside their MacOSX operating system.
First lets start with formatting and writing the OS to your USB Drive.
The first thing we will need to do is determine which OS we are going to use to format the USB drive and then write the ISO or image to the drive.
I will not cover a Linux format mainly because if you are on Linux and you are already formatting sd cards and USB drives the you will know that Gparted is the best software to do so. That will be the next tutorial in the next article.
So if we are stating with Windows go ahead and navigate to the links below and down load the installer to your computer so that we may format the USB drive.
For Linux it is easy enough to just format a usb drive using GParted.
- You can install it from Ubuntu Software Center or any other software center by searching for GParted
- Or install from the command-line:
- sudo apt install gparted
Or you can just use the command line.
- This command will show the USB drive and volumes on your computer that you use:
- You can also use:
- If your drive is named /dev/sdy1. then unmount it with:
- sudo umount /dev/sdy1
- Now format drive with the FAT32 file system format:
- sudo mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/sdy1
Now that the program is downloaded go ahead and install the program in your preferred directory.
Now that you have the program installed go ahead and open the program. Now select the drive letter that your USB drive is located at and be careful not to select your hard drive which is drive C:\ .
You can select quick format and the click on the Format button.
If you are using Windows it will format it for Fat32
If you are formatting it in MacOSX it will format it in ExFat2.
You can change to which file format you ultimately want in the settings.
The SD Card Formatter program was made for SD cards, but USB drives utlize the same memory technology so they can be used with the program as well.
Go ahead and accept that you understand that all data will be erased on the device.
Next we will need to download the program to write the ISO or image to the USB drive.
The overall best one to use is called Balena Etcher.
Click on the link to download the program.
Go ahead and click on the install program and install the program onto your machine.
Next we will go out and download a ISO file that we can use to write to our USB drive and make a Live Linux Install.
Here you can download the ISO and donate however much you want to to the developers who create these wonderful Operating systems on their own time.
Click on the download button and you will receive a prompt to download via magnet link or from a localized server. Since there are no local servers nearby we must choose the magnet link.
Download the file and then get Etcher ready for our next step by clicking install.
Now let Etcher run for the first time.
Now that we are in Etcher it is pretty easy step at this point. Just select the Image + Then select the Drive + Now Click Flash!
In a matter of no time you first USB Linux Live Install is done and ready to test out.
Just click finish and place the live Drive in any usb port of a pc you want to test out and boot that PC up. If you have a standard PC then holding F12 will give you a boot menu where you can select your USB Drive by its name, Like mine ius called Imation so I select Imation 8GB.
Once the drive is selected press enter and the the Linux Live USB will fire up and you will be riding the Linux Lightning in no time!
You will have the option while testing, to install the Linux Operating system on the local Hard Drive, to which it will give you two options: Dual Boot or Complete wipe. I myself perform multiple OS booting Systems, but do so at your own risk.
Or as we should say…on to the next bit. The Installation